Over-Medium Eggs are one of the most delicious ways to fry eggs. These eggs are similar to sunny-side up eggs, but they are flipped to cook the egg yolk just a little bit more.

Over medium eggs served with bacon and potatoes

Over-medium eggs are my fried egg of choice and for good reason too. The yolk is slightly runny while the egg white is completely cooked. What could be tastier than a jammy yolk?

Eggs cooked over-medium are the perfect topper to avocado toast, burgers, any type of rice bowl, potatoes, or grilled vegetables. The runny yolk almost acts like a sauce for the toast or whatever you serve with the cooked eggs.

Different Ways of Frying Eggs

There are four ways to fry an egg and all of them are rather similar. In egg terminology, “over” refers to flipping the egg and easy, medium, and hard eggs refer to the doneness of the yolk.

  1. Sunny-side up – The egg is fried over medium heat on only one side just until the whites are set and the yolk is runny.
  2. Over-easy – The egg is fried until the whites are set and then flipped to the second side and cooked shortly so you still have a runny yolk.
  3. Over-medium – The flipped egg is cooked slightly longer so the yolk is only partially runny. The egg white is completely cooked.
  4. Over-hard – The flipped egg is cooked even longer until the yolk is completely set and has the texture of a hard boiled egg. You will have a hard yolk with this method.
An over-medium egg served with bacon

Why You Need This Recipe

  • Over-medium eggs are the one of the easiest ways to elevate any dish. Master this skill and all your dinner ideas might just include a fried egg on top!
  • The whole process only takes 11 minutes from start to finish. This can usually be done while your main dish cooks or can be a super speedy breakfast.
  • If you aren’t a scrambled egg person you may just love fried eggs! For the longest time I couldn’t get my husband to eat eggs until I served him over-medium eggs.

How you like your fried eggs is completely up to you!

Key Ingredients

Oil or butter to keep the eggs from sticking to the pan. You can use olive oil for a dairy-free choice.

Eggs to fry – fresh eggs are best!

Salt to season the eggs. Don’t underestimate the power of seasoning.

Ground black pepper is optional but if really adds a great deal of flavor if you like black pepper.

Ingredients for fried over-medium eggs

There’s nothing worse than attempting to fry an egg with a runny yolk only to cut into an over-hard pale yellow center with a firm yolk. Follow these simple steps to learn how to fry eggs over medium.

Recipe Steps

Step One

Add olive oil, coconut oil, or butter to a nonstick skillet and bring it to medium heat.

Step Two

While the skillet heats up, crack each fresh egg into a small bowl.

How to fry an egg

Step Three

Gently pour each egg into the hot fat in the frying pan.

As always, please do see the recipe card at the end of this post for the exact ingredients and measurements.

Step Four

Let the eggs cook for 3 to 4 minutes or until the whites of the egg are almost completely solid white.

Step Five

Reduce the heat to low and gently flip each egg. Let the eggs cook for another 2 minutes.

Step Six

Use a rubber spatula or a fish spatula to transfer the eggs to a plate and serve hot with salt and pepper for the perfect breakfast.

over medium egg cooked in a skillet

Recipe Tips & Substitutions

  • You may need more oil or butter if you are using a cast iron skillet or a stainless steel pan as opposed to a nonstick skillet. See my recommendations for the safest cookware and right pan for your kitchen.
  • For dairy allergies, use oil or vegan butter for frying.
  • Make sure to use a thin turner spatula. Big, thick spatulas make it much harder to flip the egg without tearing it.
breakfast plate served with eggs, bacon and potatoes

FAQs and Easy Tips

What do you serve with over-medium eggs?

You can go traditional and serve them with breakfast foods like pancakes or bacon, but they go perfect over nearly anything. Add them to burgers, salad, avocado toast, grilled vegetables, pasta, pizza, or potatoes.

Can you cook eggs in a cast iron pan?

Yes, but it’s imperative you let it heat up before adding the eggs or they may stick. You may also need extra oil or butter to help prevent sticking. Also, once you add the eggs, immediately turn the heat to low as cast iron holds onto heat longer than a nonstick pan.

Can you use olive oil to fry eggs?

Yes you can! It’s true that olive oil has a lower smoke point than vegetable oil, but since fried eggs are cooked on medium to low heat olive oil works just great. See my recommendations for the safest cooking oils.

How long does it take to fry an egg over medium?

Six minutes total is usually about the time it takes to get your egg cooked over-medium. Once you flip the egg and let it cook for 2 minutes, you can touch the yolk through the bottom. It should feel just very slightly firm when it’s ready.

Other Easy Breakfast Recipes You Might Like

I hope you make this recipe! If you do, please leave a comment and a starred review below.

And, consider following me on social media so we can stay connected. I’m on Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, and YouTube!

Print
clock clock iconcutlery cutlery iconflag flag iconfolder folder iconinstagram instagram iconpinterest pinterest iconfacebook facebook iconprint print iconsquares squares iconheart heart iconheart solid heart solid icon
over medium eggs served on a plate

How to Make Over-Medium Eggs


Description

Over-Medium Eggs are one of the most delicious ways to fry eggs. These eggs are similar to sunny-side up eggs, but they are flipped to cook the egg yolk just a little bit more.


Ingredients

Scale
  • Nonstick cooking spray or 1/2 teaspoon oil or butter
  • 2 eggs
  • Salt and ground black pepper (optional, for serving)

Instructions

  1. Spray a medium nonstick or cast iron skillet lightly with nonstick cooking spray. Or, add ½ teaspoon of cooking oil or butter to the skillet.
  2. Place the skillet on the stovetop over medium heat.
  3. While the skillet heats up, gently crack each egg into a separate small bowl.
  4. Then, gently pour each egg into the skillet.
  5. Let the eggs cook for 3-4 minutes, or until the whites of the egg have changed almost completely from clear to solid white.
  6. Reduce the heat on the skillet to low and use a spatula to carefully flip each egg. Let the eggs cook for an additional 2 minutes.
  7. Then, use your spatula to transfer the cooked over-medium eggs to a serving plate.
  8. Serve hot, with salt and pepper.

Notes

  1. You may need more oil or butter if you are using a cast iron skillet as opposed to a nonstick skillet.
  2. For dairy allergies, use oil or vegan butter for frying.
  3. Six minutes total is usually about the time it takes to get your egg cooked over-medium. Once you flip the egg and let it cook for 2 minutes, you can touch the yolk through the bottom. It should feel just very slightly firm when it’s ready.
  4. For reference, here are the different ways of frying eggs. Sunny-side up – The egg is fried over medium heat on only one side just until the whites are set and the yolk is runny. Over-easy – The egg is fried until the whites are set and then flipped and cooked shortly so the yolks stay runny. Over-medium – The flipped egg is cooked slightly longer so the yolk is only partially runny. Over-hard – The flipped egg is cooked even longer until the yolk is completely set and has the texture of a hard boiled egg.
  • Category: Breakfast
  • Method: Stovetop
  • Cuisine: American

Keywords: fried eggs, how to cook eggs over-medium

Don’t forget to join the Clean Eating Kitchen newsletter. You’ll get my Clean Eating Quick Start Guide, plus links to all the latest recipes.