Over-Medium Eggs (Step-by-Step Guide)
Over-Medium Eggs are one of the most delicious ways to fry eggs. These eggs are similar to sunny-side up eggs, but they are flipped to cook the egg yolk just a little bit more. Here’s how to make perfect over-medium eggs!
Over-medium eggs are my fried egg of choice and for good reason too. For eggs cooked over medium, the yolk is slightly runny while the egg white is completely cooked. What could be tastier than a jammy yolk?
Eggs cooked over-medium are the perfect topper to avocado toast, burgers, any type of rice bowl, potatoes, or grilled vegetables. The runny yolk almost acts like a sauce for the toast or whatever you serve with the cooked eggs.
Some people consider over-medium eggs to be the perfect fried egg.
Different Ways of Frying Eggs
There are four ways to fry an egg and all of them are rather similar. In egg terminology, “over” refers to flipping the egg and easy, medium, and hard eggs refer to the doneness of the yolk.
Here are the four ways to serve fried eggs, including over-medium:
- Sunny-side up – The egg is fried over medium heat on only one side just until the whites are set and the yolk or top of the egg is runny.
- Over-easy – The egg is fried until the whites are set and then flipped to the second side and cooked shortly so you still have a runny yolk. Over easy eggs refer to the short cooking time so the top of the yolk remains runny.
- Over-medium – The flipped egg is cooked slightly longer so the yolk is only partially runny. The egg white is completely cooked.
- Over-hard – The flipped egg is cooked even longer until the yolk is completely set and has the texture of a hard boiled egg. You will have a hard yolk with this method and crispier edges on the whites of the eggs.
With all methods of frying eggs, the whites of the eggs will be fully cooked.
Why You Need This Recipe
- Over-medium eggs are the one of the easiest ways to elevate any dish. Master this skill and all your dinner ideas might just include a fried egg on top! Or, just serve your medium fried eggs with toast and you’ve got a whole meal ready to go.
- The whole process only takes 11 minutes from start to finish. This can usually be done while your main dish cooks or can be a super speedy breakfast.
- If you aren’t a scrambled egg person you may just love medium fried eggs! For the longest time I couldn’t get my husband to eat eggs until I served him over-medium eggs. Now he considers them the perfect eggs.
How you like your fried eggs is completely up to you!
Oil or butter to keep the eggs from sticking to the pan. You can use olive oil or bacon fat for a dairy-free choice.
Eggs to fry – fresh eggs are best!
Salt to season the eggs. Don’t underestimate the power of seasoning.
Ground black pepper is optional but if really adds a great deal of flavor if you like black pepper.
There’s nothing worse than attempting to fry an egg with a runny yolk only to cut into an over-hard pale yellow center with a firm yolk.
Follow these simple steps and easy tips to learn how to fry eggs over medium without overcooking them.
Please see the recipe card at the end of this post for the exact ingredients and measurements.
Add olive oil, coconut oil, or butter to a nonstick skillet and bring it to medium heat.
Please see the recipe card at the end of this post for the exact ingredients and measurements.
While the skillet heats up, crack each fresh egg into a small bowl.
Gently pour each egg into the hot fat or hot oil in the frying pan.
Let the eggs cook for 3 to 4 minutes or until the whites of the egg are almost completely solid white.
Reduce the heat to low and gently flip each egg. Let the eggs cook for another 2 minutes.
Use a rubber spatula or a fish spatula to transfer the eggs to a plate and serve hot with salt and pepper for the perfect breakfast.
Recipe Tips & Substitutions
- You may need more oil or butter if you are using a cast iron skillet or a stainless steel pan as opposed to a nonstick skillet. See my recommendations for the safest cookware and right pan for your kitchen.
- For dairy allergies, use oil or vegan butter for frying. Just be sure to use enough hot oil to keep the eggs from sticking to the bottom of the pan.
- Make sure to use a thin turner spatula. Big, thick spatulas make it much harder to flip the egg without tearing it.
- Serve your cooked eggs with Mexican Potatoes for a balanced breakfast.
You can go traditional and serve them with breakfast foods like pancakes or bacon, but they go perfect over nearly anything. I like them at breakfast with my Mexican Potatoes. Add them to burgers, salad, avocado toast, grilled vegetables, pasta, pizza, or potatoes.
Yes, but it’s imperative you let it heat up before adding the eggs or they may stick. You may also need extra oil or butter to help prevent sticking. Also, once you add the eggs, immediately turn the heat to low as cast iron holds onto heat longer than a nonstick pan.
Yes you can! It’s true that olive oil has a lower smoke point than vegetable oil, but since fried eggs are cooked on medium to low heat olive oil works just great. See my recommendations for the safest cooking oils.
Six minutes total is usually about the time it takes to get your egg cooked over-medium. Once you flip the egg and let it cook for 2 minutes, you can touch the yolk through the bottom. It should feel just very slightly firm when it’s ready.
More Easy Breakfast Recipes You Might Like
- Coconut Milk Pancakes
- Sweet Potato Apple Breakfast Hash
- Gluten-Free Blueberry Coffee Cake
- Overnight Protein Oats
- Healthy Hot Chocolate
- Pesto Eggs
- Vitamix Blended Orange Juice
Or, see my entire index of clean eating breakfast recipes.
Don’t Miss These Healthy Egg Recipes
I hope you make this recipe! If you do, please leave a comment and a starred review below.
And, consider following me on social media so we can stay connected. I’m on Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, and YouTube!Print
Over-Medium Eggs (Step by Step Guide)
Over-Medium Eggs are one of the most delicious ways to fry eggs. These eggs are similar to sunny-side up eggs, but they are flipped to cook the egg yolk just a little bit more. Here is a step-by-step guide.
- Total Time: 11 minutes
- Yield: 1 1x
- Nonstick cooking spray or 1/2 teaspoon oil or butter
- 2 eggs
- Salt and ground black pepper (optional, for serving)
- Spray a medium nonstick or cast iron skillet lightly with nonstick cooking spray. Or, add ½ teaspoon of cooking oil or butter to the skillet.
- Place the skillet on the stovetop over medium heat.
- While the skillet heats up, gently crack each egg into a separate small bowl.
- Then, gently pour each egg into the skillet.
- Let the eggs cook for 3-4 minutes, or until the whites of the egg have changed almost completely from clear to solid white.
- Reduce the heat on the skillet to low and use a spatula to carefully flip each egg. Let the eggs cook for an additional 2 minutes.
- Then, use your spatula to transfer the cooked over-medium eggs to a serving plate.
- Serve hot, with salt and pepper.
- You may need more oil or butter if you are using a cast iron skillet as opposed to a nonstick skillet.
- For dairy allergies, use oil or vegan butter for frying.
- Six minutes total is usually about the time it takes to get your egg cooked over-medium. Once you flip the egg and let it cook for 2 minutes, you can touch the yolk through the bottom. It should feel just very slightly firm when it’s ready.
- For reference, here are the different ways of frying eggs. Sunny-side up – The egg is fried over medium heat on only one side just until the whites are set and the yolk is runny. Over-easy – The egg is fried until the whites are set and then flipped and cooked shortly so the yolks stay runny. Over-medium – The flipped egg is cooked slightly longer so the yolk is only partially runny. Over-hard – The flipped egg is cooked even longer until the yolk is completely set and has the texture of a hard boiled egg.
- Prep Time: 5 minutes
- Cook Time: 6 minutes
- Category: Breakfast
- Method: Stovetop
- Cuisine: American
- Diet: Gluten Free
Keywords: fried eggs, how to cook eggs over-medium
Don’t forget to join the Clean Eating Kitchen newsletter. You’ll get my Clean Eating Quick Start Guide, plus links to all the latest recipes.
About the Author: Carrie Forrest has a master’s degree in public health with a specialty in nutrition. She is a top wellness and food blogger with more than 8 million annual visitors to her site. Carrie has an incredible story of recovery from chronic illness and is passionate about helping other women transform their health. Send Carrie a message through her contact form.
Those look well done. over medium the egg yolk is still runny. If you cook flipped side for 2 minutes, no runny yolk for you. Cook flipped side no more than 30 seconds. sunny side up egg not flipped
This is so helpful! I always make over medium when I try to make over easy eggs for my husband. I prefer them over medium myself, so I don’t mind eating the “mistake” while he makes his own the right way 🙂
I feel like this post should be printed and hung in every single restaurant I’ve ever been to. It’s so hard to get eggs the way you want when you’re out for breakfast!
Great tips on how to cook these eggs. It’s my favorite way of cooking them. Making this for breakfast tomorrow!
This is the perfect level of doneness for fried eggs. It’s not too runny, and it’s not too firm. Love it.
Love this post! So helpful for creating more cooking literacy. Thanks for all the great pics and tips.
These eggs look PERFECTLY over-medium! Love the tips too!
Thanks so much Aleka!!!
My husband won’t eat eggs any other way now! 🙂