If you suffer from stress, migraines, PMS, or insomnia, you might be interested to learn about the best types of magnesium supplements that can help.

Magnesium food sources, top view on wooden background

Magnesium is the second most abundant element inside of human cells. It serves hundreds of functions and so the body needs it in large amounts. Magnesium powers over 300 enzyme-driven biochemical functions on a constant basis. It serves as a source of energy, powering ATP molecules and mitochondria.

Magnesium also provides structural support for the body and regulates many bodily functions such as muscle relaxation. It aids in glucose and fat breakdown. It helps produce proteins, enzymes and antioxidants. It assists in the creation and repair of DNA and RNA. Magnesium also helps regulate cholesterol. 

Since magnesium is so vital to so many different functions, you can imagine that being deficient in a mineral as necessary as magnesium can have detrimental effects on the way our bodies function, including symptoms such as PMS, migraines, and anxiety (just to name a few).

kale leaves

Magnesium Deficiency

Magnesium deficiency is one of the leading deficiencies in adults. Even if we eat a whole foods diet, our soil is now quite deficient in magnesium and other minerals. 

Being on certain prescription drugs can also lead to a magnesium deficiency. Proton pump inhibitors can make it nearly impossible for those who are on it to properly absorb magnesium from their diet. Diuretics, painkillers and certain steroids can also have a negative impact on magnesium absorption.

Drinking caffeinated beverages, sugary juices, alcohol and soda on a regular basis can deplete our bodies of magnesium or block its absorption. These beverages all have a diuretic effect on our bodies, which results in a quick loss of magnesium through our urine before it can be absorbed.

Lastly, magnesium deficiency can be caused from taking birth control pills and from having digestive problems such as leaky gut or celiac disease that might cause the body to not absorb it as well.

sad woman


Magnesium is required for hundreds of enzyme-driven biochemical functions within the body.

Early signs of magnesium deficiency include:

  • muscle cramps
  • irritability
  • sugar cravings
  • brain fog
  • dizziness
  • sleep problems and
  • fatigue

More serious problems that develop due to a lack of magnesium include hypertension, poor digestion, artery calcification, PMS, temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ), mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression, fibromyalgia, hormone imbalances, migraines, fertility problems, pregnancy complications, osteoporosis and more. 

Of course, if you are experiencing any of these symptoms or issues, it is important to check with your healthcare provider. 

Foods Rich in Magnesium

In order to remedy magnesium deficiency in our bodies, we can focus on consuming foods rich in this mineral. Some magnesium-rich foods include:

  • spinach
  • Swiss chard
  • pumpkin seeds
  • almonds
  • avocados
  • bananas
  • raw cacao or dark chocolate with an 85% or higher cacao content

It’s important to heal the gut and aim for optimal digestion as well so that magnesium and other nutrients can be absorbed and used properly. It’s also a good idea to consider buying organic as much as possible as well because crops sprayed with glyphosate can disrupt magnesium absorption.

magnesium supplement (1)

Supplementing with Magnesium

When dietary magnesium isn’t enough, and it rarely is these days, consider taking a magnesium supplement to ensure that you’re getting a good amount of this important mineral. There are a few different types of magnesium and finding the right one for your situation is important. Let’s take a closer look at the different types of magnesium and what they are generally used for. 

For specific dosing recommendations, I like to refer to Dr. Aviva Romm’s article about magnesium supplements for women. But, you should also consult your healthcare provider if you suspect a magnesium deficiency and plan to start supplementing with magnesium. Bulletproof Radio also had a recent podcast episode all about magnesium supplementation which is worth a listen.

There are a few contraindications to taking it that you can discuss with your provider and will help determine which version is right for your specific situation.

magnesium pills

Best Types of Magnesium Supplements 

1. Magnesium Citrate

This type of magnesium contains citric acid and is often used as a mild laxative. Small doses can be used to correct restlessness as well. This is the main source of magnesium in the popular supplement powders like Calm and can have a relaxing effect on our nerves.

But, too much magnesium citrate can cause diarrhea. So, be cautious of the dosage. Magnesium citrate is recommended for those who are suffering from constipation.

2. Magnesium Glycinate

This is a chelated form of magnesium that is easily absorbed. It generally provides the highest level of bioavailability due to its higher absorption rate.

Magnesium glycinate is the type most often recommended for those who are trying to remedy a general magnesium deficiency. It can also be helpful in calming the nerves, relaxing the muscles and decreasing the chances of migraines. It is currently being studied in gut healing therapies. 

3. Magnesium Oxide

This is a non-chelated form of magnesium bound to an organic acid or a fatty acid. It also has a mild laxative effect. Some healthcare providers may recommend that you take it in small doses throughout the day if you are constipated. 

4. Magnesium Malate

Magnesium malate is the type of magnesium that is often recommended for people trying to correct or prevent heart disease. This form can be energizing and can also benefit those who suffer from fibromyalgia and muscle cramps. 

5. Magnesium Orotate

Small doses of this form of magnesium have been shown to benefit those with multiple sclerosis, mood disorders, alcoholism and radiation effects of cancer.

6. Magnesium Chloride

This form only contains about 12% magnesium but is better absorbed than other forms. It is used for detoxification, improving metabolic functions, and kidney function support.

7. Magnesium Taurate

This form of magnesium is a combination of magnesium and the amino acid taurine. Together, they tend to have a calming effect on the body. They are generally used for cardiovascular health.

8. Magnesium L-Threonate

Magnesium L-Threonate has shown promising benefits for those who have anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress disorder, and other mental health disorders.

Magnesium threonate is easily able to penetrate the mitochondrial membrane and is easily absorbed since it can cross the blood-brain barrier. It has also been used in recovery treatment for those who have suffered from eating disorders. 

Other Types of Magnesium

In addition to these over-the-counter forms of magnesium supplements, you can also find on the market topical creams, oils, and flakes for taking baths. Again, it’s usually best to consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best type and dosage of magnesium supplementation for your specific situation.


Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that can be deficient for many of us. There are several different ways to supplement with magnesium, including eating certain foods. 

Don’t miss my other articles about mental health, including:

Note: this post is for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. Please consult your healthcare provider for recommendations related to your individual situation.

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